The traditional vaginal repair is the colporrhaphy, or anterior and posterior repair. During an anterior repair, the connective tissue between the bladder and the vagina is brought together. This treats the bulge of the bladder into the vagina (cystocele). During a posterior repair, the connective tissue between the rectum and the vagina is brought together. This treats the bulge of the rectum into the vagina (rectocele). During this procedure, the top of the vagina (or cervix if present) is elevated.
Normal Anatomy After Vaginal Prolapse Repair (With Uterus in Place)
When the connective tissue around the vagina is significantly weakened, further support is needed. One option is to augment the graft with an allograft that is made up of acellular human skin. See image above. The goal of the repair is it to provide additional support to the connective tissue in the area of graft placement. If perineal relaxation is present with pelvic organ prolapse, a perineorrhaphy can also be performed at the same time as the prolapse repair.
Patients are typically discharged home the day after surgery, spending one night in the hospital and return to normal activity in 2-3 weeks. Healing is typically complete 6 weeks after surgery.
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